A fulltime farmer and blogger who love to share all his farming experiences. You must dispose of fallen stock (including stillborn lambs and foetuses) by: You need to keep these records for at least 3 years. Vaccination against Jonhe’s disease and foot-and-mouth-disease continues; proper shelter’ and sufficient drinking water. If that’s impossible, you should provide water at least twice a day. You should make sure they’re fed enough during pregnancy and lactation. A monthly schedule for various sheep farm operations with twice a year lambing or shearing pattern under semi-arid conditions on an organized farm is given below. Deworming with Nilworm and Sulmet, vaccination against Johne’s disease and foot-and-mouth disease.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'learnnaturalfarming_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_4',169,'0','0'])); May: Weaning and supplementary feeding of lambs with hay and- concentration; drenching of weaners. When moving animals, you must transport animals in a way that won’t cause them injury or unnecessary suffering. You mustn’t carry out the following as they’re illegal: You should avoid tail docking and only do it when other options have failed to deal with welfare problems linked to dirty tails and fly strike. It should be designed to avoid the risk of injury. You should read the guidance on: If you’re involved in the Basic Payment Scheme, you need to follow cross-compliance restrictions. January: Stock verification,ear-tagging or tattooing, protection against cold and chilly weather, care, management, and supplementary feeding of advanced pregnant ewes. Don’t lift or drag sheep by the fleece, tail, ears, horns or legs. Castration should only be performed by a trained and competent person. You must make sure that all the equipment you use for dosing, vaccinating and treating sheep or goats is in good working order. If a lame animal doesn’t respond to the vet’s treatment, you should cull it rather than leave it to suffer. This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/code-of-recommendations-for-the-welfare-of-livestock-sheep/sheep-and-goats-welfare-recommendations. Vaccination against enterotoxaemia and Johne’s disease and drenching against gastrointestinal parasites continue. You may need to treat infected feet, carry out paring or foot bathing, or vaccination. Sheep and goats need to have access to enough fresh, clean water at all times. Because of the risk of mis-mothering - which can lead to starvation - you shouldn’t castrate until the bond between ewe and lamb is properly established. You should offer extra shelter - such as straw bales - if shelter isn’t available naturally. https://extension.oregonstate.edu/.../sheep-management-calendar Don’t overfeed certain food (eg concentrates) as this can lead to problems such as bloat, acidosis, laminitis and obesity. Remove any stale or contaminated feed immediately. Handle heavily pregnant ewes carefully. 145 Day Sheep Gestation Table and Lambing Calculator, Information by Treasure Valley Sheep Producers You should try to prevent footrot during the drying off period eg keeping areas clean and any bedding dry. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated, National restrictions in England until 2 December, Qualifying for the Basic Payment Scheme and cross-compliance, Stockmanship and managing sheep and goats, Protect animals from hazards and emergencies, Welfare during transport, at market and at shows, nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3, the welfare code of recommendations for goats, See the guide to food safety and farmed animals, dealing with emergencies like fire or flood, Coronavirus (COVID-19): guidance and support, Transparency and freedom of information releases, 1.2-1.4 floor space per ewe during pregnancy, Lowland ewes after lambing, with lambs at foot up to 6-weeks-old, 1.0-1.2 floor space per ewe during pregnancy, Hill ewes after lambing, with lambs at foot up to 6-weeks-old, Lambs and sheep 12-weeks to 12-months-old, preventing and treating basic or common causes of lameness, preventing and treating internal and external parasites, have suitable handling pens to aid routine management and treatment, handle or restrain sheep by placing one arm under the neck (holding the neck wool if needed) and the other around the rear, hunger or thirst - provide food and water, control of external and internal parasites, bear their weight on all 4 legs when standing or walking, immediately care for it appropriately (eg give it suitable medicines), call a vet as soon as possible if the animal does not respond to care, you’ve made plans to take care of it on the journey and at arrival, a free bullet - you should kill the animal with a single shot to the head, stunning with a captive bolt, concussion stunner or electrical stunner, after which you must bleed or pith it immediately, sending to a knacker’s yard, hunt kennel or similar premises, burial or burning - do this only in exceptional circumstances (and do it so that carnivorous animals, including dogs, can’t get to the carcass), such as in remote areas or after a natural disaster, number of mortalities found on each inspection, name and address of the supplier where you bought any medicines you used in treatments, penis amputation and other penile operations, coarse, flaky or pelleted concentrated food, feed animals any substance, food or liquid that can cause them unnecessary suffering or injury, use feed that makes the animals who eat it unable to produce food that’s safe for humans to eat, arrange for unsafe feed to be withdrawn from the market if you believe that you supplied it - contact your local authority and the, destroy unsafe feed - unless an advising authority (such as a vet) has told you not to, tell anyone who uses your feed why you’re withdrawing it, check any mesh fencing at least once a day to free any trapped animals, set up any electric fences so that they only cause momentary discomfort, ventilation, without causing draughts at animal level, sharp edges or protruding (sticking out) parts, toxic paint or wood preservative -  make sure that any second-hand materials don’t have any lead-based paint, shorn sheep during cold weather - particularly November to March, very young animals - eg lambs aged less than one week - unless the journey is shorter than 100km (62 miles), new-borns where the navel has not completely healed, heavily pregnant females when more than 90% of the expected gestation period has passed, females who have given birth during the previous seven days, sick or injured animals where moving them would cause more suffering - unless instructed by a vet, see all your animals in their normal rearing environment, see a demonstration of how your alarm system (to alert you if automated ventilation and other systems fail) and its back-up generators work, take any samples, carcasses or photographs they need, inspect veterinary medicine records and mortality records, check any other records that will show you’re meeting requirements (like animal feed records), ask if there’s been a known or suspected outbreak of a. If you can’t transport lame animals without causing them more pain, you should slaughter them on the farm. You can only dock a tail with a rubber ring during the first week of life. This helps avoid introducing infectious abortion agents. You must check the equipment daily to make sure that it’s working and make sure that milking machines have the correct: You should carry out milking daily - and more often if necessary - to make sure that your sheep or goats aren’t left with unrelieved, distended (swollen) udders.

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