As such, a composition, movement, section, or phrase may be referred to by its key, including whether that key is major or minor. Music is organized into 12 major and 12 minor keys. This 1959 tune combines R&B, gospel, pop, and blues to create a unique, raucous classic. Or you may think the minor scales are only for sad, sappy songs. Minor Scales. D♭ = D♭ - E♭ - F - G♭ - A♭ - B♭ - C - D♭ Listen to these songs and see how major and minor chords, when used in the same song, can create interesting soundscapes and different moods. Minor scales have a different pattern than major, but all minor scale patterns are the same. Major/minor compositions are musical compositions that begin in a major key and end in a minor key (generally the parallel minor), specifying the keynote (as C major/minor). That’s it. Once you know those “rules” and patterns, you can figure out pretty much anything on your own. B♭ = B♭ - C - D - E♭ - F - G - A - B♭. • A minor chord contains the 1st, flattened 3rd, and 5th degree of the major scale of that note. In the C major scale on the left, D is a whole tone higher than C, and a whole tone lower than E; however, E and F are separated only by a half tone. Modified majors must be approved by the Department Chair. You can apply this formula to figure out the notes in any major or minor scale. How can you not think of sun, surf, and smiles? This is where our knowledge of sharps, flats, and naturals (or semitones and whole tones) comes in handy. Spoiler alert: there’s only one. Please Register Free or Log-in to set up your notifications. • A major chord contains the 1st, 3rd, and 5th degree of the major scale. • A major chord contains the 1st, 3rd, and 5th degree of the major scale. (Part 2). F, G, and A are separated by whole tones, while B and C are only a semitone apart from one another. A♭ = A♭ - B♭ - C - D♭ - E♭ - F - G - A♭ One little switch on that second note has the power to make you feel hope or dread. F# = F# - G# - A# - B - C# - D# - E# (=F) - F# An octave is the distance between one musical pitch and another. [3] (Part 1), The Difference Between Major and Minor Scales (Piano): And with practice, it’ll become second nature to transition between major and minor chords and learn the correct positioning for many of these chords. trying to lift himself out of his heartbreak by using all these major chords: D, G, A7, Dmaj7, D7, Em, F#7, B7 and E7. In terms of whole tones and semitones, the minor scale formula looks like this: T-S-T-T-S-T-T: The example below shows us the difference between a C major scale and a C minor scale. Scales are named for the beginning note, so a C major scale starts with a C major note, a D major scale starts with a D major note, and so on. Some of the way these chords are used together will surprise you. This classic country rock song is all about heartbreak, so you’d think it would be filled with minor chords. This is a very unusual form in tonal music, [1] [2] although examples became more common in the nineteenth century. It’s the Beach Boys! But the truth is […] In fact, half of this song contains a minor chord. The difference between a major and minor chord comes down to one, simple change: the 3rd in a scale. Maybe this duel between the sadness of our protagonist and the positivity of the chords is what helped make this song take home the 1976 Grammy Award for Best Country Song, awarded to its songwriters, Larry Butler and Chips Moman. In both cases you would be playing the same scale, but at different pitch levels. What this means, is that (in basic musical theory at least) E# and F♭ simply don’t exist. For example, an A Major Scale would include these notes: A—B—C#—D—E—F#—G#. The specific notes that are close together is what makes the major scale pattern.

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