s-p hybridized orbitals are common for many organic carbon compounds. In anions, the degree of covalent bonding increases with increasing polarizability of the ion. Metal – Typically, an element that is solid at room temperature, shiny, malleable, ductile, and a good conductor; for example, aluminum, iron, and calcium. Science, Tech, Math Science Math Social Sciences Computer Science Animals & Nature Humanities History & Culture Visual Arts Literature Chemical formula – A short form used to represent a molecule; uses letters and numbers; only pure substances have chemical formulas; H2O is the chemical formula for water. Calorimetry may be used to find the heat of reaction of two compounds or the heat of combustion of a compound, for example. 8. 1. Not all reactions create the most thermodynamic product; some are controlled by kinetics instead. 7. covalent bond: The sharing of electrons between to … carboxylic acid - A carboxylic acid is an organic molecule containing a -COOH group. 3. It’s based on electrostatic or columbic interactions. Mixture – matter than can be separated into parts using differences in physical properties; saltwater is a mixture of salt and water. 21. Let us do your homework! Look up definitions of common and important organic chemistry terms. Solubility – Describes how much of a substance dissolves in another substance. 27. 14. Fundamental Terms in Chemistry: The Small Stuff. 9. Family – A vertical column of elements in the periodic table also known as a group. Boiling occurs when the vapor pressure of a liquid exceeds atmospheric... C - Cadmium … Electron – A particle of an atom that surrounds the nucleus; has a charge of negative one. Lewis structure: Structural representation of how the valence electrons are located about a molecule or atom, it’s used to show the presence of bonding pairs and non-bonding lone pairs. It’s an important question, as these four things (and the stuff of which they themselves are made) make up everything in the universe. combination of a metal and non metal. Molecule – A type of particle that is made up of two or more atoms bonded together; carbon monoxide is an example of a molecule. Can... 2. Precipitation – A solid substance that can form when certain dissolved substances are mixed together. chemical formula… 19. An example of a carboxylic acid is acetic acid. Element – A pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler parts by chemical methods; all the elements are listed on the Periodic Table; all of the particles in an element are identical, as shown in the element aluminum. a compound composed of two elements. Menu. 22. chemistry: terms used in chemistry. 13. hybrid: Used to describe the mixing of molecular orbitals (s, p, d, f) such that they hybridize to form equivalent lone pairs and bonding pairs orbitals. Chemistry is a physical science concerned with the composition, structure, and properties of matter, as well as the changes it undergoes during chemical reactions; it features an extensive vocabulary and a significant amount of jargon. It’s affected by conditions such as temperature, concentration, and the use of a catalyst. Alvin W. Orbaek is a research assistant at Rice University, Houston, Texas, where he is completing his PhD in chemistry. Atomic number – The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom; for example, the atomic number for helium is 2. This glossary of chemistry terms is a list of terms and definitions relevant to chemistry, including chemical laws, diagrams and formulae, laboratory tools, glassware, and equipment. Combustibility – The ability of a substance to catch fire and burn in air. 16. electrons in the outermost shell. Here is a list of some of the most common and most interesting terms you need to know. Inorganic Chemistry For Dummies Cheat Sheet, Modern Marvels Due to Inorganic Chemistry, Part of Inorganic Chemistry For Dummies Cheat Sheet. This is an organic chemistry glossary. Here is a list of some of the most common and most interesting terms you need to know. Tutor and Freelance Writer. Decomposition – A kind of reactivity that can break down a substance into its parts; for example, water can be broken down into hydrogen and oxygen by decomposition. Chemical symbol – A short form used to represent the name of an element; C is the chemical symbol for carbon. Hess’s law: For any given chemical reaction, the total energy required to complete the reaction is the same regardless of the number of steps required to complete the reaction. ATTENTION: Please help us feed and educate children by uploading your old homework! calorimetry - Calorimetry is the study of heat flow. Chemical reaction – Any change that occurs when substances interact to produce new substances with new properties; changes in the chemical and physical properties of the pure substances let you know that a chemical reaction has occurred; when vinegar and baking soda are combined, they react to produce frothy bubbles. 2. Density – Describes how compact a substance is, and is calculated by dividing mass by volume or D = m/v. These are four terms to get you going. It only takes seconds! ionic compound. Conductivity – Describes how easily a substance lets heat or electricity move through it. Electrons can be added, or removed to reached the neutral atom. Proton – A particle of an atom that is inside the nucleus; has a positive charge. In resonance processes, electrons are delocalized and the energy of the electrons are stabilized.

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