Below is a classic diminished lick in B♭ H/W Diminished Scale. Music Theory Course So four scales have these same notes and are simple inversions of each other. This means that all of the above chords are completely interchangeable. We can show all four related scales using the same notes. The diminished chord is built out of minor 3rds (3 semitones). 1c), or G (Ex. The full diminished scale will use 9 notes. An example might be saying the note of ‘A’ rather than saying ‘B double flat’. This means that:
Here’s a quick look at how to build diminished chords on every note of the scale: Diminished triads. Returning to the treble clef that had our scale notes from middle C to and octave higher A. This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. the intervals repeat in a pattern) In the same way that we observed for the diminished chord, the diminished scale is repeated every three semitones. The secondary notes are in between the m3rds. The diminished scale can be created by stacking two diminished 7th chords a half-step apart on top of one another: Notice that the scale has eight unique notes, thus the name octatonic (which literally means eight tones). How do you determine which notes define the new scale? How to use a diminished chord in the same way that these songs do: 1. Ex. This is developed more in the. This is very advantageous, as it opens up a … (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});
. Build a diminished triad or 7th chord a half step below you iv chord. Initially one can look at it as diminishing the 3rd, 5th, 6th, a m7th, and 8th. Music Theory Workshops Interval Pattern: tone – semitone – tone – semitone – …etc. In our example’s case, that would be the C major scale. The diminished scale pattern is a whole – half step repeating pattern. Enharmonic spellings are common for both scales and chords that are diminished. This gives us: Just like the Melodic Minor and Wholetone scale, the Diminished Scale has no avoid notes. From the intervals we can create a whole and half step pattern to define the diminished scale. Thus use of enharmonic spellings is quite common. 1d). Using enharmonic spellings the diminished scale will have a dim 5th and an aug 5thand is much easier to work with. Resolve to your vi chord. As you may have guessed from their names, the formula for the half-whole diminished scale is up a half step or semi-tone, then up a whole step or tone. Because it is a symmetrical scale (and much like the diminished chord) there are only three unique diminished scales: There are, however, two possible modes of each diminished scale. How To Make A Diminished Chords. What this really means is that you can invert the scale form and accomplish all twelve note pitch starting points. The diminished scale is an eight-note scale that is built by picking a tonic note, and then alternating whole steps and half steps from that starting note. 1b (Image credit: Future) Start on a different root, and you’ll find yourself walking through one of those series, just in a different order. 3. The Getting It Down Cold Workshops and Music Theory Course are a high value resource to allow you not only to learn the theory, but systematically own it as well. A diminished chord is a type of chord that contains a minor 3rd (three half steps above the root) coupled with a diminished 5th (six half steps above the root). it has 8 notes) A Symmetrical Scale (i.e. The Keys and Scales Workshop fully develops these additional scales and relationships. Using this idea allows you to create something called a Double Diminished Chord. Starting on ‘C,’ the scale moves up a half-step, then a whole-step, then half, then … They just start at different points. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});
. The diminished scale is a symmetric scale formed by the sequence: Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone. Diminished types of scales can be confusing because of the application of diminishing already minor or diminished notes. Try it out and listen to how it sounds. This simply means we use note names that are simpler to recognize and say. Interestingly, if you move any note in a diminished chord up a whole-step, you still remain within the Diminished Scale – so you still have a diminished chord. The Diminished Scale The Diminished Scale is: An Octatonic Scale (i.e. The diminished pattern uses a lot of the minor intervals. While, the Whole-Half Diminished Scale is used over a diminished chord. For example: Now, remember that the diminished chord and scale repeat at intervals of minor 3rds. At each point where the next step is a whole step is the new key or related scale. For example, C major – C E G. To make it diminished you lower the 3rd and 5th notes of the scale. If you play a D♭dim7 chord in your left hand and a Cdim7 chord in your right hand, you have yourself a Double Diminished Chord. The most direct way is by the whole – half pattern. Any double diminished scale contains one of three series of notes: starting on F, F# (Ex. This will sound incredibly dissonant, but it’s theoretically correct. This is what the diminished scale looks like when starting on C and working into the second octave to A. We’ll explain why we use this many notes shortly. You can substitute this new note in whenever you have a diminished chord. The diminished scale pattern is a whole – half step repeating pattern. So if you see a chord symbol such as G13 (b9), it matches the diminished scale perfectly. As we work through the math formula you see how this is accomplished. It's usually not used when there's a #5 / b13. Some overall characteristics: Other things to be aware of as we work through the scale. Disclaimer-Affiliates-Amazon Associates Program | Copyright 2010 to 2019 Chidester Enterprises LLC, EB Diminished                           + W + H, Disclaimer-Affiliates-Amazon Associates Program, Copyright 2010 to 2019 Chidester Enterprises LLC, The diminished scale is built with a direct formula of. These scales are developed mathematically using whole and half steps. Initially one can look at it as diminishing the 3rd, 5th, 6th, a m7th, and 8th. This is difficult to remember. Just like with regular diatonic scales, we can assign each note in the diminished scale an associated chord. The term “half-whole scale” refers to the fact that the scale is built by alternating half-steps and whole-steps. Because of that it is also commonly referred to as the whole-half diminished scale. These are the inversion points for the three other scales that can be built from the same notes. In a major key, identify your vi chord (the minor chord six scale degrees above your tonic note) 2. In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). Start on C# and D to accomplish that. The scales and patterns shown in this lesson are based on the half-whole versions of the diminished scales. Lowering a note means to make it lower by a semi-tone or half-step. The Diminished Scale is built upon two diminished seventh chords.                bb = double flat, x = double sharp (##). So this chord is not called “diminished chord” by chance. Although many students learn about diminished chords the scale is not typically one of the areas that many music students take time to study. And without context, diminished chords may sound off-putting. The full diminished scale will use 9 notes. This is a very jazzy and dissonant sound which can actually be a number of different chords at once. There are two diminished scales called the half-whole and whole-half. The bb7 is spelled as a 6th interval. While all my lessons are free, if you find them useful please consider donating to help keep them coming. These scales are developed mathematically using whole and half steps. This is the practical knowledge you need to know about minors. The Diminished Scales Characteristics Notation: + = augmented or raised a half step; d = dim = diminished; Using enharmonic spellings the diminished scale will have a dim 5th and an aug 5th and is much easier to work with. Because an octave is 12 semitones, stacking further minor 3rd above the top note of a diminished chord just repeats the same existing notes (D → F → A♭ → B → D → F → A♭ → B → D → etc.). Contact Us | Now, the primary use of the diminished scale, is on dominant chords with possible extensions b9, #9, 13 and b5/#11. This means there are only 3 unique diminished chords:
Conclusion Here is that pattern shown on the keyboard. The C H/W = D♭W/H Diminished Scales (i.e. The diminished scale is an eight note scale. Let’s form a chord to see how it looks. However, this gets to be to confusing with a bb7 and b8, so enharmonic intervals are used to make it easier. Previously we talked about how several diminished scales use the same notes. You can create the other diminished two scales using these formulas.

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